Croatia – National parks

posted in: Poster

Brijuni is an archipelago and a national park in the Adriatic Sea along the Istrian coast, and consists of 3 islands and 11 islets. Human history on the Brijuni Islands dates back to 2000-3000 BC. Brijuni is also connected with the political scene of recent Croatian history because Josip Broz Tito had his residence there, and President Franjo Tuđman held numerous political meetings there.

Kornati National Park is located in central Dalmatia. It stretches for about 220 km² and consists of 89 islands, islets and reefs. Only 50 km² of its surface is land, while more than ¾ is under the sea. The most popular phenomenon is the vertical cliffs of the “crown” of the Kornati islands facing the open sea.

Krka National Park is recognizable by its numerous lakes and waterfalls, and shares its name with the river Krka, which is part of the park. It is located near Šibenik in central Dalmatia. Within the national park is the Jaruga hydroelectric power plant, the second oldest hydroelectric power plant in the world, created just three days after the hydroelectric power plant at Niagara Falls.

Mljet National Park is located on the island of Mljet in southern Dalmatia and occupies the northwestern part of the island. In addition to numerous natural beauties, the park is known for the islet of St. Mary on which there is a Benedictine monastery from the 12th century and for the remains of a Roman palace from the 3rd century.

Paklenica National Park is located on the south side of Velebit and is the second declared national park in Croatia. On the surface of the park, parts with vegetation (55%) and karst relief (45%) are equally represented. In 2017, the Paklenica and Northern Velebit National Parks, together with the Hajdučki and Rožanski kukovi Nature Reserve, were inscribed on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in Europe as part of the world heritage of 13 countries.

Plitvice Lakes National Park is the oldest, largest and most visited national park in Croatia. It consists of 16 lakes that flow into each other and form a series of almost 5.5 km. Due to its natural beauty, Plitvice Lakes are among the first in the world to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Northern Velebit National Park is unique because it is affected by three different climates: Mediterranean, continental and alpine. The Park abounds in numerous natural phenomena such as the nature reserves Hajdučki and Rožanski kukovi, Lukina jama which is one of the deepest caves in the world (1431m) and the botanical reserve Visibaba.

Risnjak National Park is the northernmost national park in Croatia and is located along the border with Slovenia. It is located on the mountain of the same name, named after the lynx (Ris) that lives there. Within the park there is a source of the river Kupa, whose valley gives an interesting contrast with the karst areas that surround it.